Effect Stick of Miswak on Periodontal Reccesion to Jama’ah Tabligh Kerung Kerung Kota Makassar, Indonesia

Muhammad Saleh, Nurhaeni Nurhaeni, Oke Sainuddin, Syamsuddin Abubakar, Johny Angki, Yayah Sopianah, Hadiyat Miko

Sari


Abstract: Descriptive studies have explored the relationship between toothbrushing with miswak stick and development of periodontal/gingival recession, but relevant periodontal/gingival recession data for the multidirectional power Miswak are lacking. The aim of this study is to descriptive the effect of brushing with either a multidirectional Miswak or manual toothbrush defect or periodontal/gingival recession on anterior/labial surface of gum at miswak user of 30-60 years old.


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