Factors Associated with Burnout in Dentistry from Occupational Therapy Perspective: A Systematic Review

Meral Huri, Nilsun Bağış, Sedef Şahin, Hakan Eren, Kaan Orhan


Background: Burnout is a high risk mental problem for dentists and dental students and risk factors must be highligthened.  There is limited literature  on the factors effecting  level of burnout among dentists and dental students.  

Aims:  To show the most relevant factors related with burnout among dentists and dental students from occupational therapy view.  

Methods: The literature was searched via EMBASE, PUB MED, MEDLINE, and HMIC databases to review and show the factors associated with burnout in dentists and dental students. Critical Appraisal Skills Programme was used to find the statistically significant affecting factors.  

Results 95 studies were identified but 25 studies were found suitable for the review. The most prevalent and statistically significant factors associated with burnout were: older age, female, gender, student status, doing postgraduate education and level of occupational participation.  Conclusions This review showed several factors related to burnout among dentists and dental students. Further longitudinal and prospective studies are needed.   

Key words Burnout; Dentist; Occupational participation


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