MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AND CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS in DENTAL PRACTITIONER ( Review Article: Risk factor in dentist and dental hygienists )

Muhamad Saleh, Hadiyat Miko, Rudi Triyanto, I Made Budi Artawa

Abstract


ABSTRACT: The incorrect position of dentist operator can cause problems in the future, ergonomic movements usually cause muscle problems.. The successful application of ergonomics assures high productivity, avoidance of illnesses and injuries, and increased satisfaction among workers. Unsuccessful application, on the other hand, can lead to work‑related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) are health disorders arising from repeated biomechanical stress to the hands, wrist, elbows, shoulders, neck and back. This article sets forth broad important background information on ergonomics so that the dental practitioner can have a general awareness of ergonomic risk factors as well as some basis for understanding the on going dialogue about ergonomics, its diagnosis, treatment, and regulation. This article provides alternatives to be considered by the practitioner in light of the practitioner's own circumstances, experiences and goals. A practitioner wishing to improve his or her work environment, for whatever reason, may wish to follow an incremental approach to such efforts, as is briefy discussed here.


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